Автор статьи — репетитор-профессионал Ш. З. Умарова
Вы сдаете ЕГЭ по английскому? Значит, вам надо освоить такой непростой раздел, как говорение, или устная часть. Это задания С3, С4, С5 и С6 в варианте ЕГЭ. Больше всего ошибок выпускники делают именно в этих заданиях.
Мы подготовили для вас два реальных теста ЕГЭ по английскому и образцы выполнения этих тестов. В каждом из них – 4 задания. На этой странице — Тест 1
Task 1. Imagine that you are preparing a project with your friend. You have found some interesting material for the presentation and you want to read this text to your friend. You have 1.5 minutes to read the text silently, then be ready to read it out aloud. You will not have more than 1.5 minutes to read it.
Many lands that had once been swamps were drained or filled in. There are different reasons why people drained swamplands. Some were drained to fight diseases caused by insects that lived in them. Because swamps were considered unpleasant places in which to live and harmful to health, many people thought that unless they were drained the land was worthless.
Other swamps were drained to make new land. As the population grew and more land was needed, people drained swamps or filled them to make room for more farms and factories, more roads and airports.
Few people thought that it might be harmful to get rid of swamps. As swamps disappeared, other things happened. There were both more floods and more droughts than before. There were also more fires, for swamps had acted as firebreaks. Hunters noticed that there was less wild game. Wild life that once lived in the swamps was dying out, because it had no place to live.
Задание С4 – составить вопросы.
Task 2. Study the advertisement.
You are going to visit Japan this summer and you’d like to have more information about the flights to Japan. In 1.5 minutes you are to ask five questions to find out the following:
1) departure dates
2) travel time
3) return ticket price
4) discounts for students
5) buying the ticket online
You have 20 seconds to ask each question.
Пример выполнения задания:
1. What are the days of departures? ( What are departure dates?)
2. How long will it take to travel?
3. How much does the return ticket cost? ( What is the price of the return ticket?,
How much is the return ticket?)
4. Do you offer any discounts for students? ( Are there any discounts for students available?)
5. Is it possible to book the ticket online?
Задание С5 – описание одной картинки.
Task 3. Imagine that you are showing pictures of your pets to your friend. Choose one photo to present to your friend. You will have to start speaking in 1.5 minutes and will speak for not more than 2 minutes. You have to talk continuously. In your talk remember to speak about:
•when you took the photo
•what/who is in the photo
•what is happening
•why you took the photo
•why you decided to show the picture to your friend
Don’t forget to start with “I have chosen photo number ….”
Пример выполненного задания С5:
I have chosen photo number 1.
To begin with, people keep pets for different reasons. They make our lives more exciting and become the members of our family. They can also be our closest friends forever.
I took this photo last summer in our country house. We have got several pets and this dog is among them. All our pets are friendly and cute creatures.
Let me tell you a few words about this photo. In the background you can see a wonderful Russian landscape. In the foreground there is a wonderful lawn framed with lovely birches and bushes. In the centre you can see my elder sister Sveta and our dog Snowflake. We called him so because he is as white and fluffy as snow.
The weather is fine, sunny and warm. Snowflake likes to go for a walk very much. In the photo Sveta is telling him something to keep him calm. You can’t see me as I am taking the photo.
Taking this photo I wanted to start a collection of our pets’ pictures and to display it on the wall in our living room. Besides, the photos will always remind us of our pets.
I decided to show this picture to you because you told me a lot about your dog. Now it’s my turn to give you the first impression of my pet. Isn’t he friendly and cute?
I believe when you come to our place , Snowflake will accept you as his best friend.
That is all I wanted to tell you about this photo.
Задание С6 – сравнение и сопоставление двух фотографий.
Task 4. Study the two photographs. In 1.5 minutes be ready to compare and contrast the photographs:
•give a brief description (action, location)
•say what the pictures have in common
•say in what way the pictures are different
•say which kind of life you’d prefer
You will speak for not more than 2 minutes. You have to talk continuously.
Пример выполненного задания C6:
In our modern world some jobs are very important for our society.
Here are two pictures to compare and contrast on the topic. This is a photo of a man doing his job outside and that is a photo of a policeman standing on the side of the road.
These two pictures show jobs and this is the first similarity. The people in both pictures are wearing uniforms , and that is also what these pictures have in common. The weather is rather warm.
However, pictures are somehow different. The main difference is that in picture one we can see a worker , while in picture two there is a traffic policeman. Also, their actions are different: the worker is paving a sidewalk and the policeman is on duty watching the traffic on the road.
As far as I am concerned, the job of a traffic policeman (cop) is more important for the society because people of this profession are responsible for our safety and order on the roads. Besides, they control all drivers to keep and obey traffic rules. It is very important for all drivers and passengers’ lives.
I’ve come to the end of my speaking. Thank you for listening.
1. Получи за устную часть максимальный балл! Рекомендации преподавателя-профессионала.
2. Используй прилагательные. Без них речь будет скудной! Таблица необходимых прилагательных здесь.
3. Повтори правила чтения и произношения в английском языке. Говори правильно!
4. Узнай, как правильно задавать вопросы в английском языке.
5. Чтобы твой ответ был целостным, связным и грамотным, используй вводные слова.
Выполнение этих рекомендаций повысит и твой балл на ЕГЭ, и твой уровень владения английским.
Посмотреть Тест 2.
Успеха вам на ЕГЭ по английскому!
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