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Декабрьское сочинение

Говорение. Самая сложная часть ЕГЭ по английскому языку. На что обратить внимание при подготовке?

1. С3 — Чтение.

Самые распространенные ошибки — это неправильное чтение слов с непроизносимыми согласными. Еще раз повтори чтение таких сочетаний букв (дайте примеры!) 

Читай не очень быстро, соблюдая правильную интонацию, произношение и смысловые паузы.
2. С4 — Вопросы.

Повтори, как образуются прямые вопросы. Помни, что перед подлежащим должен всегда стоять вспомогательный глагол. А в вопросе к подлежащему нельзя ставить do, does и did. Dопрос должен звучать не только грамматически правильно, но и разумно.

Самые легкие для составления вопросы те, что начинаются с if. Это значит, что надо задать общий вопрос. Не забывай про интонацию в вопросах.

Сначала внимательно изучи рекламный проспект, а потом переходи к заданию. Никакого вступления или заключения в этом задании делать не нужно. Сразу начинай с составления первого вопроса и следуй указаниям.

3. С5 и С6.  Описание и сравнение картинок.

- в заданиях С5 и С6 свое высказывание начинай с темы (вступления), указанного в задании.
- высказывание должно строиться в соответствии с предложенным планом.
- высказывание должно содержать не менее 12-15 фраз. Можно больше!
- продемонстрируй разнообразие лексики. Побольше прилагательных! Не используй сложные грамматические конструкции.
- в задании С6 постарайся увидеть не менее двух сходств и не менее двух отличий.
А теперь посмотри, как выполнять задания ЕГЭ по английскому: 

Тест 1

Здесь будет значок для аудиофайла

Задание С3 — чтение


Task 1. Imagine that you are preparing a project with your friend. You have found some interesting material for the presentation and you want to read this text to your friend. You have 1.5 minutes to read the text silently, then be ready to read it out aloud. You will not have more than 1.5 minutes to read it.
Many lands that had once been swamps were drained or filled in. There are different reasons why people drained swamplands. Some were drained to fight diseases caused by insects that lived in them. Because swamps were considered unpleasant places in which to live and harmful to health, many people thought that unless they were drained the land was worthless.
Other swamps were drained to make new land. As the population grew and more land was needed, people drained swamps or filled them to make room for more farms and factories, more roads and airports.
Few people thought that it might be harmful to get rid of swamps. As swamps disappeared, other things happened. There were both more floods and more droughts than before. There were also more fires, for swamps had acted as firebreaks. Hunters noticed that there was less wild game. Wild life that once lived in the swamps was dying out, because it had no place to live.
Задание С4 – составить вопросы
Task 2. Study the advertisement.
You are going to visit Japan this summer and you’d like to have more information about the flights to Japan. In 1.5 minutes you are to ask five questions to find out the following:

картинка с кораблем

1) departure dates
2) travel time
3) return ticket price
4) discounts for students
5) buying the ticket online
You have 20 seconds to ask each question.

аудиофайл
Пример выполнения задания:
1. What are the days of departures? ( What are departure dates?)
2. How long will it take to travel?
3. How much does the return ticket cost? ( What is the price of the return ticket?,
How much is the return ticket?)
4. Do you offer any discounts for students? ( Are there any discounts for students available?)
5. Is it possible to book the ticket online?
Задание С5 – описание одной картинки
Task 3. Imagine that you are showing pictures of your pets to your friend. Choose one photo to present to your friend. You will have to start speaking in 1.5 minutes and will speak for not more than 2 minutes. You have to talk continuously. In your talk remember to speak about:
•when you took the photo
•what/who is in the photo
•what is happening
•why you took the photo
•why you decided to show the picture to your friend
Don’t forget to start with “I have chosen photo number ….”

3 картинки с детьми и их питомцами

Пример выполненного задания С5 аудиофайл

I have chosen photo number 1.
To begin with, people keep pets for different reasons. They make our lives more exciting and become the members of our family. They can also be our closest friends forever.

I took this photo last summer in our country house. We have got several pets and this dog is among them. All our pets are friendly and cute creatures.
Let me tell you a few words about this photo. In the background you can see a wonderful Russian landscape. In the foreground there is a wonderful lawn framed with lovely birches and bushes. In the centre you can see my elder sister Sveta and our dog Snowflake. We called him so because he is as white and fluffy as snow.
The weather is fine, sunny and warm. Snowflake likes to go for a walk very much. In the photo Sveta is telling him something to keep him calm. You can’t see me as I am taking the photo.
Taking this photo I wanted to start a collection of our pets’ pictures and to display it on the wall in our living room. Besides, the photos will always remind us of our pets.
I decided to show this picture to you because you told me a lot about your dog. Now it’s my turn to give you the first impression of my pet. Isn’t he friendly and cute?
I believe when you come to our place , Snowflake will accept you as his best friend.

That is all I wanted to tell you about this photo.
Задание С6 – сравнение и сопоставление двух фотографий
Task 4. Study the two photographs. In 1.5 minutes be ready to compare and contrast the photographs:
•give a brief description (action, location)
•say what the pictures have in common
•say in what way the pictures are different
•say which kind of life you’d prefer
•explain why
You will speak for not more than 2 minutes. You have to talk continuously.

2 картинки с рабочим и полицейским

Пример выполненного задания.
In our modern world some jobs are very important for our society.
Here are two pictures to compare and contrast on the topic. This is a photo of a man doing his job outside and that is a photo of a policeman standing on the side of the road.
These two pictures show jobs and this is the first similarity. The people in both pictures are wearing uniforms , and that is also what these pictures have in common. The weather is rather warm.
However, pictures are somehow different. The main difference is that in picture one we can see a worker , while in picture two there is a traffic policeman. Also, their actions are different: the worker is paving a sidewalk and the policeman is on duty watching the traffic on the road.

As far as I am concerned, the job of a traffic policeman (cop) is more important for the society because people of this profession are responsible for our safety and order on the roads. Besides, they control all drivers to keep and obey traffic rules. It is very important for all drivers and passengers’ lives.
I’ve come to the end of my speaking. Thank you for listening.
Тест 2 Задание С3 — чтение
аудиофайл
Task-1

Imagine that you’re preparing a project on a film with your friend. You’ve found some interesting material for the presentation and you want to read this text to your friend. You’ve 1.5 minutes to read the text silently, then be ready to read it out aloud. You will not have more than 1.5 minutes to read it.
The Hunger Games is a book by the American author Suzanne Collins. It was published in 2008 and has sold millions of copies. It is the first book for young readers to sell a million electronic books and you can buy it in 26 different languages. The Hunger Games is now a very successful film. It made 152.5 million dollars in its first weekend in North America!
One night in 2003, Suzanne Collins was watching TV. It was at the time of the US invasion of Iraq. The only programmes she could find on TV were ‘reality’ programmes of young people competing to win a million dollars and news programmes about the war. Suzanne says that the two things started to mix together in her head and she had the idea for The Hunger Games.
Задание С4 – составить вопросы

Task-2
Study the advertisement.

Картинка с ASAP

You are considering applying for the job and now you are calling to find out more information. In 1.5 minutes you are to ask five direct questions to find out the following:
1. Part-time or full-time
2. Required languages
3. If reference from previous employer is required
4. Everyday working Hours
5. Payment per hour

аудиофайл
Пример выполненного задания:
1. Is it a part-time or a full-time job?
2. What foreign languages are required to have this job?
3. Is a reference from the previous employee necessary?
4. How long is the working day?
5. How much is this job paid for per hour?

Задание С5 – описание одной из фотографий
Task 3. Imagine that you have taken these photos for the project about jobs. Choose one photo to present to your friend. You will have to start speaking in 1.5 minutes and will speak for not more than 2 minutes. You have to talk continuously. In your talk remember to speak about:
•when you took the photo
•what/who is in the photo
•what is happening
•why you took the photo
•why you decided to show the picture to your friend
Don’t forget to start with “I have chosen photo number ….”

3 картинки: рабочий у станка, охранник, водитель

Пример выполненного задания:
аудиофайл

I’ve chosen photo number 2.
You know, we often make projects at school. I like this type of work because we have to find out and study different interesting topics. The last one was connected with jobs.
I took this photo last year when my family and I were travelling to our country house by the electric train. I was very excited when an old man, a ticket collector, entered the wagon. It was just the proper episode for my project.
The photo shows a ticket collector. In the background you can see the wagon of the electric train and a lot of passengers. The man is rather old, maybe he is a pensioner. He is wearing a uniform: a dark grey jacket t with a yellow emblem of the Russian Railway on his chest. On his head he has a uniform cap. The man looks very serious and generous. He is checking the passengers travel tickets. It seems to me, he loves his job and the passengers respect him very much.
I took this photo for several reasons. Firstly, it was really perfect to use in my project. Besides, I was struck to see such an elderly man doing his job. Also, I wanted to show the photo to my grandfather who thinks he can’t find a job because of his age.
I decided to show this photo to you because I wanted to get your advice and opinion if this photo matches the topic of my project or not. I am waiting for your answer.
That’s all I wanted to tell you about this photo.

Задание С6 – сравнение и сопоставление двух фотографий
Task 4. Study the two photographs. In 1.5 minutes be ready to compare and contrast the photographs:
•give a brief description (action, location)
•say what the pictures have in common
•say in what way the pictures are different
•say which kind of life you’d prefer
•explain why
You will speak for not more than 2 minutes. You have to talk continuously.

2 картинки: тетка на вещевом рынке и мужик с пакетами

Пример выполненного задания: аудиофайл
Our lifestyle has changed greatly in the recent years. People now have a chance to buy different clothes in small and big shops. These two photos are the evidence of what I have said.
Both pictures show people walking in the shopping areas. The first photo depicts a woman standing between shopping rows of counters , whereas in the second one you can see a man walking with his purchases to his car . The pictures are quite similar. In both of them we can see the places to shop. Besides, the pictures were taken during the daytime. Similarly, the weather in both pictures is welcoming.
However, while the first picture shows the market in the open air , the second one presents a big area of the shopping centre . Comparing these two pictures, I would like to stress out that in picture one there are many people choosing and buying goods. In picture two there is only one man, from my perspective , he has already bought things he needs and is going home with big bags.
As far as I am concerned, I would prefer to shop for clothes in big shopping malls where I can find clothes of designer labels and different brands. For me, quality and design are more important. As for the goods from China, which are sold at the markets, I just don’t trust them.
I’ve come to the end of my speaking. Thank you for listening.

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